The National Institute for Health Research has published Decommissioning health care: identifying best practice through primary and secondary research: a prospective mixed-methods study
This study identifies high rates of decommissioning in the NHS including relocation, removal and replacement of services, medicines and organisations. It also notes huge challenges in establishing the legitimacy required to make and implement these highly controversial decisions. For this reason the authors argue that decommissioning should be considered as the last step in a process in which the case for change and the absence of alternatives has been shared and argued widely. They study highlights a number of ways decommissioning could be successfully achieved.
The report can be viewed here